Colorblindness: The People Behind the Condition

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These are the different types of colorblindness one can have

Everyone who goes through Darien High School learns about color blindness during freshman year biology; learning about alleles, the difference between recessive and dominant genes, and doing Punnett Squares. A select few then, unexpectedly, continue learning about color blindness when they take Mr. Rejan’s English 10 Honors course. In the course, Mr. Rejan and his students explore Oliver Sacks’ Island of the Colorblind about Pingelap Atoll, a Micronesian island in the South Pacific. In Pingelap, 10% of the population are completely color blind, unlike the average 8% of men and less than 1% of women who are colorblind, according to National Geographic. For these people, the word “color” has a completely different meaning.

At Darien High School, there are many partially color blind students as well as teachers. I had the privilege of talking to four students: John Barsanti, Owen Wagner, Colin Smith, and Libby Branca; about the condition and the meaning of color to them. 3 of the 4 students had trouble distinguishing between different colors, but 1 student in addition to struggling with distinguishing colors actually doesn’t see the color purple.

My first question for them was if they thought colorblindness was an advantage or a disadvantage? Many thought of it as both positive and negative. They liked the idea that they looked at the world through a unique lense, but disliked the feeling of missing out at times. Smith described it perfectly saying, “ I can’t say it makes my life any harder than it would be, just a little less colorful.” One negative aspect that two students, Wagner and Smith, mentioned was the difficulty they had with color-coded maps and diagrams. However, both agreed that because maps are not a hugely important aspect of life this struggle didn’t affect their lives too much.

This is one of the tests taken to see if you are colorblind.

Another question I had was would they change it so they could see colors? I was shocked when there was a 50/50 split. Wagner and Barsanti both agreed they wouldn’t because they liked the “feeling” that no one else sees the world the way they do. Branca and Smith opposed them. Branca would change her eyesight to help her pursue her dream of being a pilot, and Smith is simply “curious” about what it is like to see like a normal person.

My next question was if they thought the average person takes color for granted? Most of them agreed, the average person does take color for granted. Wagner describes the world he lives in as “duller”, literally, due to the lack of color. Smith talks about the foliage in the fall being the “only” time people discuss and appreciate color. However, there are many different opinions about their own appreciation of color. Smith believes “If anything [he] appreciates it less because it has a less significant role in [his] life. [He] doesn’t often think about color.”

My last question was is color a word that triggers emotions and identity or a word that symbolizes a material object? This was something that Sack’s spoke a lot of in his movie, the materialistic approach and the emotional approach to art and color. Barsanti thought that color symbolizes “material and object” more because he believes his colorblindness doesn’t affect his daily life much, and what he sees isn’t that different in comparison to the average person. Wagner, on the other hand, had a completely separate opinion; he believed color and emotion had a direct correlation because colors can “trigger” specific emotions”. He used the examples of “light blue” making him feel “calm”. Smith had another perspective, that color triggered “nothing”; however, the word “colorful” does. He then described the struggle knowing something is very colorful, but he can’t see the true version. He says, “I can imagine what it may look like but I doubt I’ll ever really know.” Nevertheless, Smith doesn’t let this get him upset, saying

I see what I see, it is what it is.”

— Colin Smith


Through talking to these four, I found my own meaning of color. Color has always had a very important position in my life due to my color-coding obsession. Said obsession has created strong emotional ties to a specific color, for example, a hatred for the color red because of its association with stress. I saw the many different ways to interpret each color and its meaning to each person. I certainly have begun to appreciate colors more since talking to them, savor when a color really strikes me as beautiful. However, I am sure this appreciation will diminish as time goes on and other things become more important than noticing color’s beauty. But for today, I sit in awe of the perfectly white snow, the dark green pine trees, and the occasional budding rose.


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